The clan chief represents the clan here and it is common for the clan chief to have the priviledge/responsibility of dividing up loot. You could have a clan where someone else has that priviledge/responsibility. He/she might well consult the lawspeakers if there was doubt about something. However the distinction between odal and personal property isn't something which can be codified based on what the item is. A cow, for example, could belong to the clan, a bloodline or an individual. The clan champion might be entrusted with the clan's sword (normally a sword is personal property) and will hand it on to his replacement in due course.
Odal property law is potentially incredibly complex with all sorts of shared and joint ownership and possession. So something belonging to the clan might be entrusted to a player character on the understanding that it does not leave the tula without the agreement of the clan ring. However few GMs or players will want to devise a full legal system for their game so simplifying it to "the clan chief splits the loot" makes a lot of sense for gaming.
-- Donald Oddy
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