Subject: The AreQueue Digest, Volume 1, Number 10 This issue: GURPS weapons (Elliot Wilen [Thanks!]) RQ Size (Steven A. Schrader) Height versus weight (Andrew Bell) --- Editor's note: Starting next issue, I will no longer write replies to things that are in the current issue. That way I hope to encourage other people to respond more, since there won't be "Oh, Andrew said something like what I would have said, so I don't really need to add anything." We have more than 30 people on the list now, so we should have a good pool of contributors. --- From: 8hum190@violet.Berkeley.EDU Subject: GURPS weapons Although they're getting a bit inconsistent about it, here's how GURPS weapons work. Depending on your strength, you have a basic damage for thrusted and swung weapons. The latter is higher, because of the lever effect. Each weapon has a damage listing (or two, if it can be used to attack in more than one way). E.g.: broadsword does swung+1. Heavier weapons and those with their weight concentrated at the end do more damage, so a small mace does swung+2. (This is compensated by having such unbalanced weapons require time to ready in between blows.) Since armor absorbs in GURPS, this set-up allows your maces and axes to penetrate armor more easily. But that's not all. Edged weapons get a 1/2 bonus to damage which actually makes it through armor. Pointed weapons get a full bonus. Also, chain mail absorbs less against pointed weapons. So let's take a classic case: Guy de Troyes is fighting off a Viking raid when he gets hit by Viking triplets, each with a strength of 11, and wielding a small mace, broadsword, and spear, respectively. Each one rolls a 4 on his damage roll. The first one is doing d6+1 damage (swung), +2 for the small mace, for 7 points of damage. Subtract 4 for Guy's chainmail and he takes 3 points. The second one does d6+1 (swung), +1 for the broadsword. Subtract 4 for the chainmail, which leaves 2 points, but multiply this by 1.5 to get 3 points of actual damage. The third does d6-1 damage (thrust), +2 for the spear. Subtract 2 for the chainmail, and multiply by 2 to get 6 points of damage. (Guy collapses at this point, obviously.) Now, suppose Guy was dumb enough to go into battle without armor. He's got zero absorption, and consequently takes 7 points from the mace, 9 from the sword, and 10 from the spear. But suppose it's five hundred years later and he's fighting Englishmen while wearing light plate armor (absorbs 6). He now takes 1 point from the mace, *nothing* from the sword, and *nothing* from the spear. I actually tried an approach like this for RQ a long time ago--before I got RQ III. Back then, I decided that the method (damage multiplication of 1.5 for edged, 2 for pointed weapons) would work if you increased everyone's hit points by a 1-1/2 or 2 times. However, it only makes sense if you make sure that crushing weapons do more basic damage, before absorption and multiplication. I don't think this is the case (generally) with the present damage tables, so they'd need to be rewritten a bit. Quick fix: give all club-type weapons an extra +1. This only works to a point, though (no pun intended). The damages seem to have been devised originally with both the weight and the sharpness considerations in mind. (But obviously without the ability to represent the full nuances of different effects vs. different types of armor.) The real solution (in my opinion) might just be to adopt the GURPS damage/armor values, then work from there. Unbalanced weapons could be treated as in GURPS, or else take a SR penalty. --Elliot [My only comment here is that you should do better damage with a weapon that is sized appropriately, so the independence of the weapon damage and the damage bonus is not that undesirable. I would like to see differing sizes of various weapons where a person is best with a properly sized (and balanced) weapon. This is, of course, getting into advanced rules. Assuming we ever get to the point of writing up a modified rules set for RuneQuest, I will probably break certain sections down based on how detailed the person wants to get. I would also like to see size be more of a factor than constitution in a person's hit points, so you might consider 2xsize + con as the hit point determiner... Does GURPS use hit locations? You didn't mention any in your example, but in RQ it's usually the damage per hit that's important, as opposed to the total damage.] --- From: S9S%PSUVM.BITNET@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU (Steven A. Schrader) Subject: BITNET mail follows (RQ Size) Decimeters Meters Feet Inches Mixed SR ---------- ------ ---- ------ ----- -- 1 0.1 0.32808 3.9370 0'3" 3 2 0.2 0.65616 7.8739 0'7" 3 3 0.3 0.98424 11.811 0'11" 3 4 0.4 1.3123 15.748 1'3" 3 5 0.5 1.6404 19.685 1'7" 3 6 0.6 1.9685 23.622 1'11" 3 7 0.7 2.2966 27.559 2'3" 3 8 0.8 2.6246 31.495 2'7" 3 9 0.9 2.9527 35.432 2'11" 3 10 1.0 3.2808 39.370 3'3" 2 11 1.1 3.6089 43.307 3'7" 2 12 1.2 3.9370 47.244 3'11" 2 13 1.3 4.2650 51.180 4'3" 2 14 1.4 4.5931 55.117 4'7" 2 15 1.5 4.9212 59.054 4'11" 2 16 1.6 5.2493 62.992 5'2" 2 17 1.7 5.5774 66.929 5'6" 2 18 1.8 5.9054 70.865 5'10" 2 19 1.9 6.2335 74.802 6'2" 2 20 2.0 6.5616 78.739 6'6" 2 21 2.1 6.8897 82.676 6'10" 2 22 2.2 7.2178 86.614 7'2" 2 23 2.3 7.5458 90.550 7'6" 2 24 2.4 7.8739 94.487 7'10" 2 25 2.5 8.2020 98.424 8'2" 2 26 2.6 8.5301 102.36 8'6" 2 27 2.7 8.8582 106.30 8'10" 2 28 2.8 9.1862 110.23 9'2" 2 29 2.9 9.5143 114.17 9'6" 2 30 3.0 9.8424 118.11 9'10" 2 31 3.1 10.170 122.04 10'2" 2 32 3.2 10.499 125.99 10'5" 2 33 3.3 10.827 129.92 10'9" 2 34 3.4 11.155 133.86 11'1" 2 35 3.5 11.483 137.80 11'5" 2 36 3.6 11.811 141.73 11'9" 1 Since how heavy a person is makes no difference to how fast a person can hit a target, I reasoned that the authors must have been refering to a persons reach when making a strike rank modifier for size. I added a characteristic to a character called Height(HIT). Hit is in decimeters or tenths of a meter. The HIT strike rank is figured by 1/3 of the persons HIT and indexed on the weapon length chart, if a creature has a reach. I have broken down the strike ranks above. As for HIT's of certain creatures, below are the following suggestions: All creatues that strike with their bodies have HSR of 3 Creatures using weapons use their reach. Some sample HIT's of humanoids are as follows: Name HIT Broo 1D6+15 Centaur 1D3+18 Dragon Use whatever HIT you feel they would be Note John Redden's dragon does a good indication of size. The rest can be done on my chart Duck 2D3+10 Dwarf 2D3+9 Elementals In elemental form up to GM, in other from use that form Elf 2D3+13 Fachan 32 Giant 10D6 Halfling 1D3+8 Human Man 2D3+14 Human Female 2D3+13 Minotaur 2D6+17 Nymph 2D3+13 Ogre 2D4+20 Orc 2D3+13 Satyr 2D3+15 Skeleton As Form previosly Cave Troll 2D4+25 Dark Troll 1D4+18 Zombie As Form Previously The other system of dealing with height/weight split is not bad, but I think separating them is in order. Who has not seen or read about the fat bartender or the skinny mage(muscles atrophy?). Also I would allow people to diet, or gain wait. If they diet, maybe a roll under something to see if they accomplished it? I have not thought out the rules yet. Something Like the ...(his he going to mention it) ... AD&D (ohhhh, he did) Wisdom. Something that the characters can not control, much as real life. Also perhaps The HIT roll can be added into the skills of Agility and stealth. Also I do not beleive that HIT has anything to do with damage inflicted. Perhaps mass can be explained as momentum? Well I should sign off now ------- ELECTRIC AVENUE: S9S@PSUVM --- From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Yours truly) Subject: Height versus weight I disagree that complete separation is the way to go. Weight is in large part a function of height, so taller people should be heaver. Perhaps the best way to create PC humans is to use height as the basic measure, determine a weight from that, and use an average when both stats are important. Height should be less variable than RQ size, otherwise we'll often have people more than twice the height of others. We can then use that height to generate a weight size, and from there roll a build factor to get fat or thin people. I prefer bell-shaped attribute distributions for height, as opposed to the linear form you proposed last ish. We'd want such to average around 5' 10" for males, 5' 5" for females (human, of course, different races would have different numbers). Perhaps from that roll 4d8, subtract 18, and add that number of inches to 5' 10". This gives a minimum male height of 4' 8" and max of 7' 2", use different dice if the extremes are too big or too small for your taste. Based on the height, we then generate a basic weight related to almost the cube of the height. I will try to come up with one and put it in a later issue. I allow PCs to pick their size anyway, but such a system is good for generating NPCs. Small suggested rules mod: remove strength from the manipulation modifier. Picking locks, playing instruments, concealing objects, and palming things just isn't strength dependent. Another rules mod: make throw an attack skill. Yet another: Take strength over 10 as a modifer to range for thrown weapons and things such as "strength" bows. Thus an 18 strength gives you 1.8 times the range, which is fairly reasonable. I would also extend the short range and the like. The RuneQuest(tm) mailing list is a courtesy of Andrew Bell. All opinions and material above are the responsibility of the originator, and copyrights are held by them. RuneQuest is a trademark of either Chaosium or Avalon Hill. Send submissions, mailing list changes, requests for old article lists, etc. to: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org or ...!mcnc!duke!acb Request old articles by volume number and issue number.